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\ CROSS.FS     The Cross-Compiler                      06oct92py
\ Idea and implementation: Bernd Paysan (py)
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\ Copyright (C) 1995,1996,1997,1998 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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\ This file is part of Gforth.

\ Gforth is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
\ modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
\ as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
\ of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

\ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
\ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
\ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
\ GNU General Public License for more details.

\ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
\ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
\ Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
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\ Log:
\       changed in ; [ to state off           12may93jaw
\       included place +place                 12may93jaw
\       for a created word (variable, constant...)
\       is now an alias in the target voabulary.
\       this means it is no longer necessary to
\       switch between vocabularies for variable
\       initialization                        12may93jaw
\       discovered error in DOES>
\       replaced !does with (;code)           16may93jaw
\       made complete redesign and
\       introduced two vocs method
\       to be asure that the right words
\       are found                             08jun93jaw
\       btw:  ! works not with 16 bit
\             targets                         09jun93jaw
\       added: 2user and value                11jun93jaw

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\ 	needed? works better now!!!		01mar97jaw
\	mach file is only loaded into target
\	cell corrected
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\ 	romable extansions			27apr97-5jun97jaw
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\	environmental query support		01sep97jaw
\	added own [IF] ... [ELSE] ... [THEN]	14sep97jaw
\	extra resolver for doers		20sep97jaw
\	added killref for DOES>			20sep97jaw
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hex     \ the defualt base for the cross-compiler is hex !!
Warnings off

\ words that are generaly useful

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: KB  400 * ;
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: >wordlist ( vocabulary-xt -- wordlist-struct )
  also execute get-order swap >r 1- set-order r> ;

: umax 2dup u< IF swap THEN drop ;
: umin 2dup u> IF swap THEN drop ;
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: string, ( c-addr u -- )
    \ puts down string as cstring
    dup c, here swap chars dup allot move ;
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: SetValue ( n -- <name> )
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\G Same behaviour as "Value" if the <name> is not defined
\G Same behaviour as "to" if <name> is defined
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\G SetValue searches in the current vocabulary
 save-input bl word >r restore-input throw r> count
 get-current search-wordlist
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 IF ['] to execute ELSE Value THEN ;
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: DefaultValue ( n -- <name> )
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\G Same behaviour as "Value" if the <name> is not defined
\G DefaultValue searches in the current vocabulary
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 save-input bl word >r restore-input throw r> count
 get-current search-wordlist
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 IF bl word drop 2drop ELSE Value THEN ;
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hex

Vocabulary Cross
Vocabulary Target
Vocabulary Ghosts
VOCABULARY Minimal
only Forth also Target also also
definitions Forth

: T  previous Cross also Target ; immediate
: G  Ghosts ; immediate
: H  previous Forth also Cross ; immediate

forth definitions

: T  previous Cross also Target ; immediate
: G  Ghosts ; immediate

: >cross  also Cross definitions previous ;
: >target also Target definitions previous ;
: >minimal also Minimal definitions previous ;

H

>CROSS

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\ 1 Constant Cross-Flag	\ to check whether assembler compiler plug-ins are
			\ for cross-compiling
\ No! we use "[IFUNDEF]" there to find out whether we are target compiling!!!
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: comment? ( c-addr u -- c-addr u )
        2dup s" (" compare 0=
        IF    postpone (
        ELSE  2dup s" \" compare 0= IF postpone \ THEN
        THEN ;
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\ Begin CROSS COMPILER:
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\ \ --------------------        Error Handling                  05aug97jaw

\ Flags

also forth definitions  \ these values may be predefined before
                        \ the cross-compiler is loaded

false DefaultValue stack-warn   	 \ check on empty stack at any definition
false DefaultValue create-forward-warn   \ warn on forward declaration of created words

[IFUNDEF] DebugMaskSrouce Variable DebugMaskSource 0 DebugMaskSource ! [THEN]
[IFUNDEF] DebugMaskCross  Variable DebugMaskCross  0 DebugMaskCross  ! [THEN]

previous >CROSS

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: .dec
  base @ decimal swap . base ! ;

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: .sourcepos
  cr sourcefilename type ." :"
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  sourceline# .dec ;
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: warnhead
\G display error-message head
\G perhaps with linenumber and filename
  .sourcepos ." Warning: " ;

: empty? depth IF .sourcepos ." Stack not empty!"  THEN ;

stack-warn [IF]
: defempty? empty? ;
[ELSE]
: defempty? ; immediate
[THEN]


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\ \ GhostNames Ghosts                                  9may93jaw

\ second name source to search trough list

VARIABLE GhostNames
0 GhostNames !

: GhostName ( -- addr )
    here GhostNames @ , GhostNames ! here 0 ,
    bl word count
    \ 2dup type space
    string, \ !! cfalign ?
    align ;

\ Ghost Builder                                        06oct92py

\ <T T> new version with temp variable                 10may93jaw

VARIABLE VocTemp

: <T  get-current VocTemp ! also Ghosts definitions ;
: T>  previous VocTemp @ set-current ;

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4711 Constant <fwd>             4712 Constant <res>
4713 Constant <imm>             4714 Constant <do:>

\ iForth makes only immediate directly after create
\ make atonce trick! ?

Variable atonce atonce off

: NoExec true ABORT" CROSS: Don't execute ghost" ;

: GhostHeader <fwd> , 0 , ['] NoExec , ;

: >magic ;		\ type of ghost
: >link cell+ ;		\ pointer where ghost is in target, or if unresolved
			\ points to the where we have to resolve (linked-list)
: >exec cell+ cell+ ;	\ execution symantics (while target compiling) of ghost
: >end 3 cells + ;	\ room for additional tags
			\ for builder (create, variable...) words the
			\ execution symantics of words built are placed here

Variable executed-ghost \ last executed ghost, needed in tcreate and gdoes>
Variable last-ghost	\ last ghost that is created
Variable last-header-ghost \ last ghost definitions with header

: Make-Ghost ( "name" -- ghost )
  >in @ GhostName swap >in !
  <T Create atonce @ IF immediate atonce off THEN
  here tuck swap ! ghostheader T>
  dup last-ghost !
  DOES> dup executed-ghost ! >exec @ execute ;

\ ghost words                                          14oct92py
\                                          changed:    10may93py/jaw

: gfind   ( string -- ghost true/1 / string false )
\ searches for string in word-list ghosts
  dup count [ ' ghosts >wordlist ] ALiteral search-wordlist
  dup IF >r >body nip r>  THEN ;

: gdiscover ( xt -- ghost true | xt false )
  GhostNames
  BEGIN @ dup
  WHILE 2dup
        cell+ @ dup >magic @ <fwd> <>
        >r >link @ = r> and
        IF cell+ @ nip true EXIT THEN
  REPEAT
  drop false ;

VARIABLE Already

: ghost   ( "name" -- ghost )
  Already off
  >in @  bl word gfind   IF  Already on nip EXIT  THEN
  drop  >in !  Make-Ghost ;

: >ghostname ( ghost -- adr len )
  GhostNames
  BEGIN @ dup
  WHILE 2dup cell+ @ =
  UNTIL nip 2 cells + count
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  ELSE  2drop 
	\ true abort" CROSS: Ghostnames inconsistent"
	s" ?!?!?!"
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  THEN ;

' >ghostname ALIAS @name

: forward? ( ghost -- flag )
  >magic @ <fwd> = ;

\ Predefined ghosts                                    12dec92py

ghost 0=                                        drop
ghost branch    ghost ?branch                   2drop
ghost (do)      ghost (?do)                     2drop
ghost (for)                                     drop
ghost (loop)    ghost (+loop)                   2drop
ghost (next)                                    drop
ghost unloop    ghost ;S                        2drop
ghost lit       ghost (compile) ghost !         2drop drop
ghost (does>)   ghost noop                      2drop
ghost (.")      ghost (S")      ghost (ABORT")  2drop drop
ghost '                                         drop
ghost :docol    ghost :doesjump ghost :dodoes   2drop drop
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ghost :dovar					drop
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ghost over      ghost =         ghost drop      2drop drop
ghost - drop
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ghost 2drop drop
ghost 2dup drop
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\ \ Parameter for target systems                         06oct92py

\ we define it ans like...
wordlist Constant target-environment

VARIABLE env-current \ save information of current dictionary to restore with environ>

: >ENVIRON get-current env-current ! target-environment set-current ;
: ENVIRON> env-current @ set-current ; 

>TARGET

: environment?
  target-environment search-wordlist 
  IF execute true ELSE false THEN ;

: e? name T environment? H 0= ABORT" environment variable not defined!" ;

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: has? 	name T environment? H 
	IF 	\ environment variable is present, return its value
	ELSE	\ environment variable is not present, return false
		\ !! JAW abort is just for testing
		false true ABORT" arg" 
	THEN ;
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: $has? T environment? H IF ELSE false THEN ;

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>ENVIRON get-order get-current swap 1+ set-order
true SetValue compiler
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true  SetValue cross
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true SetValue standard-threading
>TARGET previous
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mach-file count included hex

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>ENVIRON

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T has? ec H
[IF]
false DefaultValue relocate
false DefaultValue file
false DefaultValue OS
false DefaultValue prims
false DefaultValue floating
false DefaultValue glocals
false DefaultValue dcomps
false DefaultValue hash
false DefaultValue xconds
false DefaultValue header
[THEN]

true DefaultValue interpreter
true DefaultValue ITC
false DefaultValue rom
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>TARGET
s" relocate" T environment? H 
[IF]	SetValue NIL
[ELSE]	>ENVIRON T NIL H SetValue relocate
[THEN]
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>CROSS

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\ \ Create additional parameters                         19jan95py
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339
1 8 lshift Constant maxbyte
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T
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NIL		   Constant TNIL
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cell               Constant tcell
cell<<             Constant tcell<<
cell>bit           Constant tcell>bit
bits/byte          Constant tbits/byte
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bits/byte 8 /      Constant tchar
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float              Constant tfloat
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1 bits/byte lshift Constant tmaxbyte
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H

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\ Variables                                            06oct92py

Variable image
Variable tlast    TNIL tlast !  \ Last name field
Variable tlastcfa \ Last code field
Variable tdoes    \ Resolve does> calls
Variable bit$

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\ statistics						10jun97jaw

Variable headers-named 0 headers-named !
Variable user-vars 0 user-vars !

\ Memory initialisation                                05dec92py

[IFDEF] Memory \ Memory is a bigFORTH feature
   also Memory
   : initmem ( var len -- )
     2dup swap handle! >r @ r> erase ;
   toss
[ELSE]
   : initmem ( var len -- )
     tuck allocate abort" CROSS: No memory for target"
     ( len var adr ) dup rot !
     ( len adr ) swap erase ;
[THEN]

\ MakeKernal                                           12dec92py

: makekernel ( targetsize -- targetsize )
  bit$  over 1- tcell>bit rshift 1+ initmem
  image over initmem ;

>MINIMAL
: makekernel makekernel ;


>CROSS

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\ \ memregion.fs
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Variable last-defined-region    \ pointer to last defined region
Variable region-link            \ linked list with all regions
Variable mirrored-link          \ linked list for mirrored regions
0 dup mirrored-link ! region-link !


: >rdp 2 cells + ;
: >rlen cell+ ;
: >rstart ;


: region ( addr len -- )                \G create a new region
  \ check whether predefined region exists 
  save-input bl word find >r >r restore-input throw r> r> 0= 
  IF	\ make region
	drop
	save-input create restore-input throw
	here last-defined-region !
	over ( startaddr ) , ( length ) , ( dp ) ,
	region-link linked name string,
  ELSE	\ store new parameters in region
        bl word drop
	>body >r r@ last-defined-region !
	r@ cell+ ! dup r@ ! r> 2 cells + !
  THEN ;

: borders ( region -- startaddr endaddr ) \G returns lower and upper region border
  dup @ swap cell+ @ over + ;

: extent  ( region -- startaddr len )   \G returns the really used area
  dup @ swap 2 cells + @ over - ;

: area ( region -- startaddr totallen ) \G returns the total area
  dup @ swap cell+ @ ;

: mirrored                              \G mark a region as mirrored
  mirrored-link
  linked last-defined-region @ , ;

: .addr
  base @ >r hex
  tcell 2 u>
  IF s>d <# # # # # '. hold # # # # #> type
  ELSE s>d <# # # # # # #> type
  THEN r> base ! ;

: .regions                      \G display region statistic

  \ we want to list the regions in the right order
  \ so first collect all regions on stack
  0 region-link @
  BEGIN dup WHILE dup @ REPEAT drop
  BEGIN dup
  WHILE cr 3 cells - >r
	r@ 4 cells + count tuck type
        12 swap - 0 max spaces space
	." Start: " r@ @ dup .addr space
	." End: " r@ 1 cells + @ + .addr space
	." DP: " r> 2 cells + @ .addr 
  REPEAT drop
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  s" rom" T $has? H 0= ?EXIT
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  cr ." Mirrored:"
  mirrored-link @
  BEGIN dup
  WHILE	space dup cell+ @ 4 cells + count type @
  REPEAT drop cr
  ;

\ -------- predefined regions

0 0 region address-space
\ total memory addressed and used by the target system

0 0 region dictionary
\ rom area for the compiler

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T has? rom H
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[IF]
0 0 region ram-dictionary mirrored
\ ram area for the compiler
[ELSE]
' dictionary ALIAS ram-dictionary
[THEN]

0 0 region return-stack

0 0 region data-stack

0 0 region tib-region

' dictionary ALIAS rom-dictionary


: setup-target ( -- )   \G initialize targets memory space
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  s" rom" T $has? H
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  IF  \ check for ram and rom...
      address-space area nip
      ram-dictionary area nip
      rom-dictionary area nip
      and and 0=
      ABORT" CROSS: define address-space, rom- , ram-dictionary, with rom-support!"
  THEN
  address-space area nip
  IF
      address-space area
  ELSE
      dictionary area
  THEN
  dup 0=
  ABORT" CROSS: define at least address-space or dictionary!!"
  + makekernel drop ;

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\ \ switched tdp for rom support				03jun97jaw
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\ second value is here to store some maximal value for statistics
\ tempdp is also embedded here but has nothing to do with rom support
\ (needs switched dp)

variable tempdp	0 ,	\ temporary dp for resolving
variable tempdp-save

0 [IF]
variable romdp 0 ,      \ Dictionary-Pointer for ramarea
variable ramdp 0 ,      \ Dictionary-Pointer for romarea

\
variable sramdp		\ start of ram-area for forth
variable sromdp		\ start of rom-area for forth

[THEN]


0 value tdp
variable fixed		\ flag: true: no automatic switching
			\	false: switching is done automatically

\ Switch-Policy:
\
\ a header is always compiled into rom
\ after a created word (create and variable) compilation goes to ram
\
\ Be careful: If you want to make the data behind create into rom
\ you have to put >rom before create!

variable constflag constflag off

: (switchram)
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  fixed @ ?EXIT s" rom" T $has? H 0= ?EXIT
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  ram-dictionary >rdp to tdp ;

: switchram
  constflag @
  IF constflag off ELSE (switchram) THEN ;

: switchrom
  fixed @ ?EXIT rom-dictionary >rdp to tdp ;

: >tempdp ( addr -- ) 
  tdp tempdp-save ! tempdp to tdp tdp ! ;
: tempdp> ( -- )
  tempdp-save @ to tdp ;

: >ram  fixed off (switchram) fixed on ;
: >rom  fixed off switchrom fixed on ;
: >auto fixed off switchrom ;



\ : romstart dup sromdp ! romdp ! ;
\ : ramstart dup sramdp ! ramdp ! ;

\ default compilation goed to rom
\ when romable support is off, only the rom switch is used (!!)
>auto

: there  tdp @ ;
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>TARGET

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\ \ Target Memory Handling

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\ Byte ordering and cell size                          06oct92py

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: cell+         tcell + ;
: cells         tcell<< lshift ;
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: chars         ;
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: char+		1 + ;
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: floats	tfloat * ;
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>CROSS
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: cell/         tcell<< rshift ;
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>TARGET
20 CONSTANT bl
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\ TNIL Constant NIL
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>CROSS

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bigendian
[IF]
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   : S!  ( n addr -- )  >r s>d r> tcell bounds swap 1-
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     DO  maxbyte ud/mod rot I c!  -1 +LOOP  2drop ;
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   : S@  ( addr -- n )  >r 0 0 r> tcell bounds
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     DO  maxbyte * swap maxbyte um* rot + swap I c@ + swap  LOOP d>s ;
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   : Sc!  ( n addr -- )  >r s>d r> tchar bounds swap 1-
     DO  maxbyte ud/mod rot I c!  -1 +LOOP  2drop ;
   : Sc@  ( addr -- n )  >r 0 0 r> tchar bounds
     DO  maxbyte * swap maxbyte um* rot + swap I c@ + swap  LOOP d>s ;
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[ELSE]
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   : S!  ( n addr -- )  >r s>d r> tcell bounds
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     DO  maxbyte ud/mod rot I c!  LOOP  2drop ;
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   : S@  ( addr -- n )  >r 0 0 r> tcell bounds swap 1-
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     DO  maxbyte * swap maxbyte um* rot + swap I c@ + swap  -1 +LOOP d>s ;
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   : Sc!  ( n addr -- )  >r s>d r> tchar bounds
     DO  maxbyte ud/mod rot I c!  LOOP  2drop ;
   : Sc@  ( addr -- n )  >r 0 0 r> tchar bounds swap 1-
     DO  maxbyte * swap maxbyte um* rot + swap I c@ + swap  -1 +LOOP d>s ;
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[THEN]

>CROSS
\ Bit string manipulation                               06oct92py
\                                                       9may93jaw
CREATE Bittable 80 c, 40 c, 20 c, 10 c, 8 c, 4 c, 2 c, 1 c,
: bits ( n -- n ) chars Bittable + c@ ;

: >bit ( addr n -- c-addr mask ) 8 /mod rot + swap bits ;
: +bit ( addr n -- )  >bit over c@ or swap c! ;
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: -bit ( addr n -- )  >bit invert over c@ and swap c! ;
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: relon ( taddr -- )  bit$ @ swap cell/ +bit ;
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: reloff ( taddr -- )  bit$ @ swap cell/ -bit ;
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\ Target memory access                                 06oct92py

: align+  ( taddr -- rest )
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    tcell tuck 1- and - [ tcell 1- ] Literal and ;
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: cfalign+  ( taddr -- rest )
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    \ see kernel.fs:cfaligned
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    /maxalign tuck 1- and - [ /maxalign 1- ] Literal and ;
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>TARGET
: aligned ( taddr -- ta-addr )  dup align+ + ;
\ assumes cell alignment granularity (as GNU C)

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: cfaligned ( taddr1 -- taddr2 )
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    \ see kernel.fs
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    dup cfalign+ + ;

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>CROSS
: >image ( taddr -- absaddr )  image @ + ;
>TARGET
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: @  ( taddr -- w )     >image S@ ;
: !  ( w taddr -- )     >image S! ;
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: c@ ( taddr -- char )  >image Sc@ ;
: c! ( char taddr -- )  >image Sc! ;
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: 2@ ( taddr -- x1 x2 ) T dup cell+ @ swap @ H ;
: 2! ( x1 x2 taddr -- ) T swap over ! cell+ ! H ;
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\ Target compilation primitives                        06oct92py
\ included A!                                          16may93jaw

: here  ( -- there )    there ;
: allot ( n -- )        tdp +! ;
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: ,     ( w -- )        T here H tcell T allot  ! H T here drop H ;
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: c,    ( char -- )     T here    tchar allot c! H ;
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: align ( -- )          T here H align+ 0 ?DO  bl T c, H LOOP ;
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: cfalign ( -- )
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    T here H cfalign+ 0 ?DO  bl T c, tchar H +LOOP ;
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: >address		dup 0>= IF tchar / THEN ;
: A!                    swap >address swap dup relon T ! H ;
: A,    ( w -- )        >address T here H relon T , H ;
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>CROSS

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: tcmove ( source dest len -- )
\G cmove in target memory
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  tchar * bounds
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  ?DO  dup T c@ H I T c! H 1+
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  tchar +LOOP  drop ;
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>TARGET
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H also Forth definitions \ ." asm: " order
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: X 	also target bl word find
	IF	state @ IF compile,
		ELSE execute THEN
	ELSE	previous ABORT" Cross: access method not supported!"
	THEN 
	previous ; immediate
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[IFDEF] asm-include asm-include [THEN] hex
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previous
>CROSS H

\ \ --------------------        Compiler Plug Ins               01aug97jaw

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\  Compiler States

Variable comp-state
0 Constant interpreting
1 Constant compiling
2 Constant resolving
3 Constant assembling

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Defer lit, ( n -- )
Defer alit, ( n -- )
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Defer branch, ( target-addr -- )	\ compiles a branch
Defer ?branch, ( target-addr -- )	\ compiles a ?branch
Defer branchmark, ( -- branch-addr )	\ reserves room for a branch
Defer ?branchmark, ( -- branch-addr )	\ reserves room for a ?branch
Defer ?domark, ( -- branch-addr )	\ reserves room for a ?do branch
Defer branchto, ( -- )			\ actual program position is target of a branch (do e.g. alignment)
Defer branchtoresolve, ( branch-addr -- ) \ resolves a forward reference from branchmark
Defer branchfrom, ( -- )		\ ?!
Defer branchtomark, ( -- target-addr )	\ marks a branch destination

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Defer colon, ( tcfa -- )		\ compiles call to tcfa at current position
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Defer colonmark, ( -- addr )		\ marks a colon call
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Defer colon-resolve ( tcfa addr -- )
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Defer addr-resolve ( target-addr addr -- )
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Defer doer-resolve ( ghost res-pnt target-addr addr -- ghost res-pnt )

Defer do,	( -- do-token )
Defer ?do,	( -- ?do-token )
Defer for,	( -- for-token )
Defer loop,	( do-token / ?do-token -- )
Defer +loop,	( do-token / ?do-token -- )
Defer next,	( for-token )
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[IFUNDEF] ca>native
defer ca>native	
[THEN]
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>TARGET
DEFER >body             \ we need the system >body
			\ and the target >body
>CROSS
T 2 cells H VALUE xt>body
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DEFER doprim,	\ compiles start of a primitive
DEFER docol,   	\ compiles start of a colon definition
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DEFER doer,		
DEFER fini,      \ compiles end of definition ;s
DEFER doeshandler,
DEFER dodoes,
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DEFER ]comp     \ starts compilation
DEFER comp[     \ ends compilation
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: (cc) T a, H ;					' (cc) IS colon,

: (cr) >tempdp ]comp colon, comp[ tempdp> ; 	' (cr) IS colon-resolve
: (ar) T ! H ;					' (ar) IS addr-resolve
: (dr)  ( ghost res-pnt target-addr addr )
	>tempdp drop over 
	dup >magic @ <do:> =
	IF 	doer,
	ELSE	dodoes,
	THEN 
	tempdp> ;				' (dr) IS doer-resolve

: (cm) ( -- addr )
    T here align H
    -1 colon, ;					' (cm) IS colonmark,
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>TARGET
: compile, colon, ;
>CROSS
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\ file loading

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: >fl-id   1 cells + ;
: >fl-name 2 cells + ;

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Variable filelist 0 filelist !
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0 Value	 filemem
: loadfile filemem >fl-name ;
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1 [IF] \ !! JAW WIP
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: add-included-file ( adr len -- )
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	dup char+ >fl-name allocate throw >r
	r@ >fl-name place
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	filelist @ r@ !
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	r> dup filelist ! to FileMem
	;
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: included? ( c-addr u -- f )
  	filelist
	BEGIN	@ dup
	WHILE	>r r@ 1 cells + count compare 0=
		IF rdrop 2drop true EXIT THEN
		r>
	REPEAT
	2drop drop false ;	

: included 
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\	cr ." Including: " 2dup type ." ..."
	FileMem >r
	2dup add-included-file included 
	r> to FileMem ;
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: include bl word count included ;

: require bl word count included ;

[THEN]
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\ resolve structure
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: >next ;		\ link to next field
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: >tag cell+ ;		\ indecates type of reference: 0: call, 1: address, 2: doer
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: >taddr cell+ cell+ ;	
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: >ghost 3 cells + ;
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: >file 4 cells + ;
: >line 5 cells + ;
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: (refered) ( ghost addr tag -- )
\G creates a reference to ghost at address taddr
    rot >r here r@ >link @ , r> >link ! 
    ( taddr tag ) ,
    ( taddr ) , 
    last-header-ghost @ , 
    loadfile , 
    sourceline# , 
  ;

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: refered ( ghost tag -- )
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\G creates a resolve structure
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    T here aligned H swap (refered)
  ;

: killref ( addr ghost -- )
\G kills a forward reference to ghost at position addr
\G this is used to eleminate a :dovar refence after making a DOES>
    dup >magic @ <fwd> <> IF 2drop EXIT THEN
    swap >r >link
    BEGIN dup @ dup  ( addr last this )
    WHILE dup >taddr @ r@ =
 	 IF   @ over !
	 ELSE nip THEN
    REPEAT rdrop 2drop 
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  ;
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Defer resolve-warning
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: reswarn-test ( ghost res-struct -- ghost res-struct )
  over cr ." Resolving " >ghostname type dup ."  in " >ghost @ >ghostname type ;
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: reswarn-forward ( ghost res-struct -- ghost res-struct )
  over warnhead >ghostname type dup ."  is referenced in " 
  >ghost @ >ghostname type ;
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\ ' reswarn-test IS resolve-warning
 
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\ resolve                                              14oct92py

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 : resolve-loop ( ghost resolve-list tcfa -- )
    >r
    BEGIN dup WHILE 
\  	  dup >tag @ 2 = IF reswarn-forward THEN
	  resolve-warning 
	  r@ over >taddr @ 
	  2 pick >tag @
	  CASE	0 OF colon-resolve ENDOF
		1 OF addr-resolve ENDOF
		2 OF doer-resolve ENDOF
	  ENDCASE
	  @ \ next list element
    REPEAT 2drop rdrop 
  ;
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\ : resolve-loop ( ghost tcfa -- ghost tcfa )
\  >r dup >link @
\  BEGIN  dup  WHILE  dup T @ H r@ rot T ! H REPEAT  drop r> ;
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\ exists                                                9may93jaw

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Variable TWarnings
TWarnings on
Variable Exists-Warnings
Exists-Warnings on

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: exists ( ghost tcfa -- )
  over GhostNames
  BEGIN @ dup
  WHILE 2dup cell+ @ =
  UNTIL
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        2 cells + count
        TWarnings @ Exists-Warnings @ and
        IF warnhead type ."  exists"
        ELSE 2drop THEN
        drop swap >link !
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  ELSE  true abort" CROSS: Ghostnames inconsistent "
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  THEN ;

: resolve  ( ghost tcfa -- )
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\G resolve referencies to ghost with tcfa
    \ is ghost resolved?, second resolve means another definition with the
    \ same name
    over forward? 0= IF  exists EXIT THEN
    \ get linked-list
    swap >r r@ >link @ swap \ ( list tcfa R: ghost )
    \ mark ghost as resolved
    dup r@ >link ! <res> r@ >magic !
    \ loop through forward referencies
    r> -rot 
    comp-state @ >r Resolving comp-state !
    resolve-loop 
    r> comp-state !

    ['] noop IS resolve-warning 
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  ;
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\ gexecute ghost,                                      01nov92py

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: is-forward   ( ghost -- )
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  colonmark, 0 (refered) ; \ compile space for call
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: is-resolved   ( ghost -- )
  >link @ colon, ; \ compile-call

: gexecute   ( ghost -- )
  dup @ <fwd> = IF  is-forward  ELSE  is-resolved  THEN ;

: addr,  ( ghost -- )
  dup @ <fwd> = IF  1 refered 0 T a, H ELSE >link @ T a, H THEN ;
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\ !! : ghost,     ghost  gexecute ;
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\ .unresolved                                          11may93jaw

variable ResolveFlag

\ ?touched                                             11may93jaw

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: ?touched ( ghost -- flag ) dup forward? swap >link @
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                               0 <> and ;

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: .forwarddefs ( ghost -- )
	."  appeared in:"
	>link
	BEGIN	@ dup
	WHILE	cr 5 spaces
		dup >ghost @ >ghostname type
		."  file " dup >file @ ?dup IF count type ELSE ." CON" THEN
		."  line " dup >line @ .dec
	REPEAT 
	drop ;

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: ?resolved  ( ghostname -- )
  dup cell+ @ ?touched
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  IF  	dup 
	cell+ cell+ count cr type ResolveFlag on 
	cell+ @ .forwarddefs
  ELSE 	drop 
  THEN ;
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>MINIMAL
: .unresolved  ( -- )
  ResolveFlag off cr ." Unresolved: "
  Ghostnames
  BEGIN @ dup
  WHILE dup ?resolved
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  REPEAT drop ResolveFlag @
  IF
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      -1 abort" Unresolved words!"
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  ELSE
      ." Nothing!"
  THEN
  cr ;
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: .stats
  base @ >r decimal
  cr ." named Headers: " headers-named @ . 
  r> base ! ;

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>CROSS
\ Header states                                        12dec92py

: flag! ( 8b -- )   tlast @ dup >r T c@ xor r> c! H ;

VARIABLE ^imm

>TARGET
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: immediate     40 flag!
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                ^imm @ @ dup <imm> = IF  drop  EXIT  THEN
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                <res> <> ABORT" CROSS: Cannot immediate a unresolved word"
                <imm> ^imm @ ! ;
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: restrict      20 flag! ;
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: isdoer	
\G define a forth word as doer, this makes obviously only sence on
\G forth processors such as the PSC1000
		<do:> last-header-ghost @ >magic ! ;
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>CROSS

\ ALIAS2 ansforth conform alias                          9may93jaw

: ALIAS2 create here 0 , DOES> @ execute ;
\ usage:
995
\ ' <name> alias2 bla !
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\ Target Header Creation                               01nov92py

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>TARGET
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: string,  ( addr count -- )
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  dup T c, H bounds  ?DO  I c@ T c, H  LOOP ; 
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: name,  ( "name" -- )  bl word count T string, cfalign H ;
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: view,   ( -- ) ( dummy ) ;
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>CROSS
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\ Target Document Creation (goes to crossdoc.fd)       05jul95py

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s" ./doc/crossdoc.fd" r/w create-file throw value doc-file-id
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\ contains the file-id of the documentation file

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: T-\G ( -- )
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    source >in @ /string doc-file-id write-line throw
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    postpone \ ;
1014

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Variable to-doc  to-doc on
1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027

: cross-doc-entry  ( -- )
    to-doc @ tlast @ 0<> and	\ not an anonymous (i.e. noname) header
    IF
	s" " doc-file-id write-line throw
	s" make-doc " doc-file-id write-file throw
	tlast @ >image count $1F and doc-file-id write-file throw
	>in @
	[char] ( parse 2drop
	[char] ) parse doc-file-id write-file throw
	s"  )" doc-file-id write-file throw
	[char] \ parse 2drop					
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	T-\G
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	>in !
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    THEN ;
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\ Target TAGS creation

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s" kernel.TAGS" r/w create-file throw value tag-file-id
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\ contains the file-id of the tags file

Create tag-beg 2 c,  7F c, bl c,
Create tag-end 2 c,  bl c, 01 c,
Create tag-bof 1 c,  0C c,

2variable last-loadfilename 0 0 last-loadfilename 2!
	    
: put-load-file-name ( -- )
    loadfilename 2@ last-loadfilename 2@ d<>
    IF
	tag-bof count tag-file-id write-line throw
1047
	sourcefilename 2dup
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	tag-file-id write-file throw
	last-loadfilename 2!
	s" ,0" tag-file-id write-line throw
    THEN ;

: cross-tag-entry  ( -- )
    tlast @ 0<>	\ not an anonymous (i.e. noname) header
    IF
	put-load-file-name
	source >in @ min tag-file-id write-file throw
	tag-beg count tag-file-id write-file throw
	tlast @ >image count $1F and tag-file-id write-file throw
	tag-end count tag-file-id write-file throw
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	base @ decimal sourceline# 0 <# #s #> tag-file-id write-file throw
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\	>in @ 0 <# #s [char] , hold #> tag-file-id write-line throw
	s" ,0" tag-file-id write-line throw
	base !
    THEN ;

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\ Check for words

Defer skip? ' false IS skip?

: defined? ( -- flag ) \ name
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    ghost forward? 0= ;
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: needed? ( -- flag ) \ name
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\G returns a false flag when
\G a word is not defined
\G a forward reference exists
\G so the definition is not skipped!
    bl word gfind
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    IF dup forward?
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	nip
	0=
    ELSE  drop true  THEN ;
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: doer? ( -- flag ) \ name
    ghost >magic @ <do:> = ;

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: skip-defs ( -- )
    BEGIN  refill  WHILE  source -trailing nip 0= UNTIL  THEN ;

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\ Target header creation

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Variable CreateFlag
CreateFlag off
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Variable NoHeaderFlag
NoHeaderFlag off
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: 0.r ( n1 n2 -- ) 
    base @ >r hex 
    0 swap <# 0 ?DO # LOOP #> type 
    r> base ! ;
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: .sym
  bounds 
  DO I c@ dup
	CASE	'/ OF drop ." \/" ENDOF
		'\ OF drop ." \\" ENDOF
		dup OF emit ENDOF
	ENDCASE
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    LOOP ;
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: (Theader ( "name" -- ghost )
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    \  >in @ bl word count type 2 spaces >in !
    \ wordheaders will always be compiled to rom
    switchrom
    \ build header in target
    NoHeaderFlag @
    IF  NoHeaderFlag off
    ELSE
	T align H view,
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	tlast @ dup 0> IF  T 1 cells - H THEN T A, H  there tlast !
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	1 headers-named +!	\ Statistic
	>in @ T name, H >in !
    THEN
    T cfalign here H tlastcfa !
    \ Symbol table
\    >in @ cr ." sym:s/CFA=" there 4 0.r ." /"  bl word count .sym ." /g" cr >in !
    CreateFlag @
    IF
	>in @ alias2 swap >in !         \ create alias in target
	>in @ ghost swap >in !
	swap also ghosts ' previous swap !     \ tick ghost and store in alias
	CreateFlag off
    ELSE ghost
    THEN
    dup Last-Header-Ghost !
    dup >magic ^imm !     \ a pointer for immediate
    Already @
    IF  dup >end tdoes !
    ELSE 0 tdoes !
    THEN
    80 flag!
    cross-doc-entry cross-tag-entry ;
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VARIABLE ;Resolve 1 cells allot
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\ this is the resolver information from ":"
\ resolving is done by ";"
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: Theader  ( "name" -- ghost )
  (THeader dup there resolve 0 ;Resolve ! ;
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>TARGET
: Alias    ( cfa -- ) \ name
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    >in @ skip? IF  2drop  EXIT  THEN  >in !
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    dup 0< s" prims" T $has? H 0= and
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    IF
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	.sourcepos ." needs prim: " >in @ bl word count type >in ! cr
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    THEN
    (THeader over resolve T A, H 80 flag! ;
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: Alias:   ( cfa -- ) \ name
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    >in @ skip? IF  2drop  EXIT  THEN  >in !
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    dup 0< s" prims" T $has? H 0= and
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    IF
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	.sourcepos ." needs doer: " >in @ bl word count type >in ! cr
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    THEN
    ghost tuck swap resolve <do:> swap >magic ! ;
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>CROSS

\ Conditionals and Comments                            11may93jaw

: ;Cond
  postpone ;
  swap ! ;  immediate

: Cond: ( -- ) \ name {code } ;
  atonce on
  ghost
  >exec
  :NONAME ;

: restrict? ( -- )
\ aborts on interprete state - ae
  state @ 0= ABORT" CROSS: Restricted" ;

: Comment ( -- )
  >in @ atonce on ghost swap >in ! ' swap >exec ! ;

Comment (       Comment \

\ compile                                              10may93jaw

: compile  ( -- ) \ name
  restrict?
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  bl word gfind dup 0= ABORT" CROSS: Can't compile "
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  0> ( immediate? )
  IF    >exec @ compile,
  ELSE  postpone literal postpone gexecute  THEN ;
                                        immediate

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: [G'] 
\G ticks a ghost and returns its address
  bl word gfind 0= ABORT" CROSS: Ghost don't exists"
  state @
  IF   postpone literal
  THEN ; immediate

: ghost>cfa
  dup forward? ABORT" CROSS: forward " >link @ ;
               
>TARGET

: '  ( -- cfa ) 
\ returns the target-cfa of a ghost
  bl word gfind 0= ABORT" CROSS: Ghost don't exists"
  ghost>cfa ;

Cond: [']  T ' H alit, ;Cond

>CROSS

: [T']
\ returns the target-cfa of a ghost, or compiles it as literal
  postpone [G'] state @ IF postpone ghost>cfa ELSE ghost>cfa THEN ; immediate

\ \ threading modell					13dec92py
\ modularized						14jun97jaw
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: fillcfa   ( usedcells -- )
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  T cells H xt>body swap - 0 ?DO 0 T c, tchar H +LOOP ;
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: (>body)   ( cfa -- pfa ) xt>body + ;		' (>body) T IS >body H

: (doer,)   ( ghost -- ) ]comp gexecute comp[ 1 fillcfa ;   ' (doer,) IS doer,

: (docol,)  ( -- ) [G'] :docol doer, ;		' (docol,) IS docol,

: (doprim,) ( -- )
  there xt>body + ca>native T a, H 1 fillcfa ;	' (doprim,) IS doprim,

: (doeshandler,) ( -- ) 
  T cfalign H compile :doesjump T 0 , H ; 	' (doeshandler,) IS doeshandler,

: (dodoes,) ( does-action-ghost -- )
  ]comp [G'] :dodoes gexecute comp[
  addr,
  T here H tcell - reloff 2 fillcfa ;		' (dodoes,) IS dodoes,

: (lit,) ( n -- )   compile lit T  ,  H ;	' (lit,) IS lit,

: (alit,) ( n -- )  lit, T here cell - H relon ;	' (alit,) IS alit,

: (fini,)         compile ;s ;                ' (fini,) IS fini,
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[IFUNDEF] (code) 
Defer (code)
Defer (end-code)
[THEN]

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>TARGET
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: Code
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  defempty?
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  (THeader there resolve
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  [ T e? prims H 0= [IF] T e? ITC H [ELSE] true [THEN] ] [IF]
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  doprim, 
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  [THEN]
  depth (code) ;
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: Code:
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  defempty?
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    ghost dup there ca>native resolve  <do:> swap >magic !
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    depth (code) ;

: end-code
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    (end-code)
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    depth ?dup IF   1- <> ABORT" CROSS: Stack changed"
    ELSE true ABORT" CROSS: Stack empty" THEN
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    ;
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( Cond ) : chars tchar * ; ( Cond )
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>CROSS

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\ tLiteral                                             12dec92py
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>TARGET
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Cond: \G  T-\G ;Cond

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Cond:  Literal ( n -- )   restrict? lit, ;Cond
Cond: ALiteral ( n -- )   restrict? alit, ;Cond

: Char ( "<char>" -- )  bl word char+ c@ ;
Cond: [Char]   ( "<char>" -- )  restrict? Char  lit, ;Cond

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\ some special literals					27jan97jaw

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\ !! Known Bug: Special Literals and plug-ins work only correct
\ on 16 and 32 Bit Targets and 32 Bit Hosts!

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Cond: MAXU
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  restrict? 
  tcell 1 cells u> 
  IF	compile lit tcell 0 ?DO FF T c, H LOOP 
  ELSE	$ffffffff lit, THEN
  ;Cond
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Cond: MINI
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  restrict?
  tcell 1 cells u>
  IF	compile lit bigendian 
  	IF	80 T c, H tcell 1 ?DO 0 T c, H LOOP 
  	ELSE  	tcell 1 ?DO 0 T c, H LOOP 80 T c, H
  	THEN
  ELSE	tcell 2 = IF $8000 ELSE $80000000 THEN lit, THEN
  ;Cond
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Cond: MAXI
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 restrict?
 tcell 1 cells u>
 IF	compile lit bigendian 
	IF 	7F T c, H tcell 1 ?DO FF T c, H LOOP
	ELSE 	tcell 1 ?DO FF T c, H LOOP 7F T c, H
 	THEN
 ELSE	tcell 2 = IF $7fff ELSE $7fffffff THEN lit, THEN
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 ;Cond

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>CROSS
\ Target compiling loop                                12dec92py
\ ">tib trick thrown out                               10may93jaw
\ number? defined at the top                           11may93jaw

\ compiled word might leave items on stack!
: tcom ( in name -- )
  gfind  ?dup  IF    0> IF    nip >exec @ execute
                        ELSE  nip gexecute  THEN EXIT THEN
  number? dup  IF    0> IF swap lit,  THEN  lit,  drop
               ELSE  2drop >in !
               ghost gexecute THEN  ;

>TARGET
\ : ; DOES>                                            13dec92py
\ ]                                                     9may93py/jaw

: ] state on
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    Compiling comp-state !
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    BEGIN
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        BEGIN >in @ bl word
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              dup c@ 0= WHILE 2drop refill 0=
              ABORT" CROSS: End of file while target compiling"
        REPEAT
        tcom
        state @
        0=
    UNTIL ;

\ by the way: defining a second interpreter (a compiler-)loop
\             is not allowed if a system should be ans conform

: : ( -- colon-sys ) \ Name
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  defempty?
  constflag off \ don't let this flag work over colon defs
		\ just to go sure nothing unwanted happens
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  >in @ skip? IF  drop skip-defs  EXIT  THEN  >in !
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  (THeader ;Resolve ! there ;Resolve cell+ !
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  docol, ]comp depth T ] H ;
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: :noname ( -- colon-sys )
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  T cfalign H there docol, 0 ;Resolve ! depth T ] H ;
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Cond: EXIT ( -- )  restrict?  compile ;S  ;Cond

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Cond: ?EXIT ( -- ) 1 abort" CROSS: using ?exit" ;Cond

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>CROSS
: LastXT ;Resolve @ 0= abort" CROSS: no definition for LastXT"
         ;Resolve cell+ @ ;

>TARGET

Cond: recurse ( -- ) Last-Ghost @ gexecute ;Cond

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Cond: ; ( -- ) restrict?
               depth ?dup IF   1- <> ABORT" CROSS: Stack changed"
                          ELSE true ABORT" CROSS: Stack empty" THEN
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               fini,
               comp[
               state off
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               ;Resolve @
               IF ;Resolve @ ;Resolve cell+ @ resolve THEN
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		Interpreting comp-state !
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               ;Cond
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Cond: [  restrict? state off Interpreting comp-state ! ;Cond
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>CROSS
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Create GhostDummy ghostheader
<res> GhostDummy >magic !

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: !does ( does-action -- )
\ !! zusammenziehen und dodoes, machen!
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    tlastcfa @ [G'] :dovar killref
\    tlastcfa @ dup there >r tdp ! compile :dodoes r> tdp ! T cell+ ! H ;
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\ !! geht so nicht, da dodoes, ghost will!
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    GhostDummy >link ! GhostDummy 
    tlastcfa @ >tempdp dodoes, tempdp> ;
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>TARGET
Cond: DOES> restrict?
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        compile (does>) doeshandler, 
	\ resolve words made by builders
	tdoes @ ?dup IF  @ T here H resolve THEN
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        ;Cond
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: DOES> switchrom doeshandler, T here H !does depth T ] H ;
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>CROSS
\ Creation                                             01nov92py

\ Builder                                               11may93jaw

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: Builder    ( Create-xt do:-xt "name" -- )
\ builds up a builder in current vocabulary
\ create-xt is executed when word is interpreted
\ do:-xt is executet when the created word from builder is executed
\ for do:-xt an additional entry after the normal ghost-enrys is used

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  >in @ alias2 swap dup >in ! >r >r
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  Make-Ghost 
  rot swap >exec dup @ ['] NoExec <>
  IF 2drop ELSE ! THEN
  ,
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  r> r> >in !
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  also ghosts ' previous swap ! ;
\  DOES>  dup >exec @ execute ;
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: gdoes,  ( ghost -- )
\ makes the codefield for a word that is built
  >end @ dup forward? 0=
  IF
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	dup >magic @ <do:> =
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	IF 	 doer, 
	ELSE	dodoes,
	THEN
	EXIT
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  THEN
\  compile :dodoes gexecute
\  T here H tcell - reloff 
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  2 refered 
  0 fillcfa
  ;
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: TCreate ( <name> -- )
  executed-ghost @
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  CreateFlag on
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  create-forward-warn
  IF ['] reswarn-forward IS resolve-warning THEN
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  Theader >r dup gdoes,
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\ stores execution symantic in the built word
  >end @ >exec @ r> >exec ! ;

: RTCreate ( <name> -- )
\ creates a new word with code-field in ram
  executed-ghost @
  CreateFlag on
  create-forward-warn
  IF ['] reswarn-forward IS resolve-warning THEN
  \ make Alias
  (THeader there 0 T a, H 80 flag! ( S executed-ghost new-ghost )
  \ store  poiter to code-field
  switchram T cfalign H
  there swap T ! H
  there tlastcfa ! 
  dup there resolve 0 ;Resolve !
  >r dup gdoes,
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  >end @ >exec @ r> >exec ! ;
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: Build:  ( -- [xt] [colon-sys] )
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  :noname postpone TCreate ;

: BuildSmart:  ( -- [xt] [colon-sys] )
  :noname
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  [ T has? rom H [IF] ]
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  postpone RTCreate
  [ [ELSE] ]
  postpone TCreate 
  [ [THEN] ] ;
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: gdoes>  ( ghost -- addr flag )
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  executed-ghost @
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  state @ IF  gexecute true EXIT  THEN
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  >link @ T >body H false ;
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\ DO: ;DO                                               11may93jaw
\ changed to ?EXIT                                      10may93jaw

: DO:     ( -- addr [xt] [colon-sys] )
  here ghostheader
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  :noname postpone gdoes> postpone ?EXIT ;
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: by:     ( -- addr [xt] [colon-sys] ) \ name
  ghost
  :noname postpone gdoes> postpone ?EXIT ;

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: ;DO ( addr [xt] [colon-sys] -- addr )
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  postpone ;    ( S addr xt )
  over >exec ! ; immediate

: by      ( -- addr ) \ Name